Smart contract characteristics - A detailed guide

An Introduction to Smart Contracts

 

Smart contracts are simply programs stored on a blockchain that run when predetermined conditions are met.They are used to automate the execution of an agreement enabling all participants to obtain outcome, without any intermediaries involvement or time loss. They can also automate a workflow, triggering the next action when conditions are met.

 

Logics behind smart contracts

 

The idea behind this is that contracts are represented in software and hardware in such a way that performance and consideration are predetermined by the program logic. Each transaction in smart contract is validated by a peer-to-peer network and recorded in an immutable chain of entries.

 

The Future of Smart Contracts

 

Smart contracts are being used across many industries. In the Utilities industry, smart contracts are efficiently governing the distribution of energy in microgrids. Devices in a microgrid are linked by smart sensors enabled by the internet of things. These devices monitor energy usage and reduce unneeded energy distribution while generating smart contracts based on the consumer’s real-time usage. Consumers in a microgrid often acquire their energy needs from a local prosumer through a digital transaction. This transaction is usually governed by a smart contract and the transaction is often completed via the exchange of cryptocurrencies.

How Smart contract works?

The contractual parties determine the terms of the contract. After finalization,they are translated to codes.The codes represent the number of different conditional statements which describes the flow of future transactions.

Once the code is created,they are stored in the blockchain network and are replicated among the networks.

Then the code is made to run and is executed by the systems of the network. If the term of the contract is satisfied and verified,the transaction is done.

Benefits of Smart contract

Speed and accuracy

Once a condition is met, the contract is executed immediately. Because smart contracts are digital and automated, there’s no paperwork to process and no time spent reconciling errors that often result from manually filling the documents.

Less cost

Smart contracts remove the need for intermediaries to handle transactions and, by extension, their associated time delays and fees.

Security

Blockchain transaction records are encrypted, which makes them very hard to hack. Moreover, because each record is connected to the previous and subsequent records on a distributed ledger, hackers would have to alter the entire chain to change a single record.

 

Applications of Smart contract in Life

 

The main key points of how smart contracts are used in real life are given below:

 

  • Making international trade faster and more efficient

  • Increasing trust in retailer-supplier relationships.

  • Smart contracts for digital rights management

  • Smart contracts for financial services and syndicated loans.

  • For insurance purposes.

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